2014 Ebola Outbreak

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2014 Ebola Outbreak

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) the 2014 Ebola epidemic is the largest in history, affecting multiple countries in West Africa. Although the risk of an Ebola outbreak in the United States is very low, CDC and partners are taking precautions to prevent this from happening.


Description of Hgh Consequence Infectious Disease (HCID)

There are emerging infectious diseases that contain a high degree of uncertainty and are able to spread rapidly through a population within a short period of time. Often, diseases such as the West Nile virus and influenza are typically associated with high rates of illnesses and relatively low rates of death in otherwise healthy persons. However, a High Consequence Infectious Disease response will involve diseases that are may be high-consequence pathogens that may occur infrequently but are associated with higher rates of morbidity and mortality and often times require extraordinary precautions or response to their appearance. Some examples include:

  • Ebola
  • Smallpox
  • Hemorrhagic Fever Diseases
  • Plague
  • HIV
  • Cholera

Preparedness and Response

As part of the preparedness effort being carried out by Cameron County Department of Health and Human Services Healthcare Preparedness Program Trauma Service Area V (CCDHHS HPP TSA-V) and in conjunction with the Rio Grande Valley Healthcare Preparedness Coalition (RGV-HPC), a Regional High Consequence Infectious Disease Plan has been developed.

The Regional HCID Response Plan focuses on the actions and roles necessary to provide regional support and a coordinated response to a high consequence infectious disease (HCID) incident within the Rio Grande Valley. This plan describes the process for screening, isolating, providing care, and transporting highly suspicious or confirmed HCID patients throughout the region. It provides guidance to healthcare and public health agencies within the Rio Grande Valley with respect to potential mission tasks that could occur before, during, and following an HCID incident. When activated it also provides for the systematic integration of essential resources and does not supersede or exclude any existing jurisdictional or regional plans.

Resources

The following table describes some of the resources available to healthcare providers and the general public can obtain more information regarding High Consequence Infectious Diseases:

Questions and Answers on Ebola
Infection Prevention and Control Recommendations
Travel Health Notices
Ebola Directive For U.S. Healthcare Workers Settings
Texas Department of State Health Services Ebola
seals

Cameron County Department of Health & Human Services
1390 W. Expressway 83 San Benito, TX 78586
Office   956-247-3685
Fax      1-866-326-3397